Last edited by Brami
Sunday, July 19, 2020 | History

3 edition of Sporadic cretinism in Canada found in the catalog.

Sporadic cretinism in Canada

McCrae, John

Sporadic cretinism in Canada

by McCrae, John

  • 95 Want to read
  • 34 Currently reading

Published by s.n in [S.l .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Cretinism -- Canada.

  • Edition Notes

    Other titlesMontreal Medical Journal.
    Statementby John McCrae.
    The Physical Object
    Pagination5p. ;
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL20196007M

      Cretinism refers to severe hypothyroidism in an infant or child. This is classically the result of maternal iodine deficiency, and thankfully is increasingly rare. The John Martin Rare Book Room contains a rare pamphlet collection of items from by and about William Osler. Canada Medical Association* Sporadic Cretinism (Infantile and Juvenile Myxoedema) chapter: Keating; Cyclopaedia of the Diseases of Children*.

    A condition caused by thyroid underaction from severe iodine deficiency early in life. It features dwarfism, mental retardation, dry skin, a large tongue and a puffy face. Cretinism occurs mainly in regions remote from the sea. Iodization of table salt and early screening of babies has largely eliminated the condition from such regions. Cretinism.   File:Photographic plate from book, child with Hodgkins disease Wellcome Ljpg File:Photographic plate from book, lymphadenoma Wellcome Ljpg File:Sir B. Bramwell, Sporadic cretinism.

    Dukhobor, (Russian: “Spirit Wrestler”), member of a Russian peasant religious sect, prominent in the 18th century, that rejected all external authority, including the Bible, in favour of direct individual revelation. The liturgical reforms of Patriarch Nikon in and the opening of Russia to. The book does not offer recommendations on how to alleviate specific micronutrient deficiencies--such recommendations are already available through the publications of diverse organizations, including the U.S. Agency for International Development, the Micronutrient Initiative, World Bank, United Nations Childrens' Fund, and the World Health.


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Sporadic cretinism in Canada by McCrae, John Download PDF EPUB FB2

Sporadic cretinism in Canada by McCrae, John; 1 edition; First published in ; Subjects: Cretinism; Places: Canada Sporadic cretinism in Canada | Open Library Donate ♥. Sporadic and genetic cretinism results from. abnormal development, or function of the foetal thyroid. gland. [1] However, cretinism has been almost completely.

Here, we compare the published descriptions and data on sporadic and endemic cretins with LB1 and LB6. Two sporadic cretins have been well described, a. Full text of "On sporadic cretinism in America" See other formats On Sporadic Cretinism in America, \ \ j I BY WILLIAM OSLER, M.D., lOKESSOR OF MEDICINE IN THE JOHNS HOPKINS UNIVERSITY AND PHYSICIAN-IN- CHIEF TO THE JOHNS HOPKINS HOSPITAL.

I FROM THE AMERICAN JOURNAL OF THE MEDICAL SCIENCES, November, Cretinism is a condition of severely stunted physical and mental growth due to Sporadic cretinism in Canada book congenital deficiency of thyroid hormones (congenital hypothyroidism).

Congenital hypothyroidism can be endemic, genetic, or sporadic. Endemic cretinism was especially common in areas of southern Europe around the Alps, Bangladesh, China, and Nepal. The Book of Negroes won the Rogers Writers' Trust Fiction Prize, the Commonwealth Writers' Prize for best book overall and Canada Readswhere it was championed by Avi Lewis.

Studies in rats have been carried out using the diet consumed by the people of Jixian village in China (). This village was severely iodine deficient with 11% prevalence of endemic cretinism. The diet included available main crops (maize, wheat), vegetables, and water from the area with an.

Congenital iodine deficiency syndrome is a medical condition present at birth marked by impaired physical and mental development, due to insufficient thyroid hormone (hypothyroidism) often caused by insufficient dietary iodine during pregnancy. It is one cause of underactive thyroid function at birth, called congenital hypothyroidism, and also referred to as cretinism.

The book was withdrawn from circulation but pirated editions continued to enjoy a thriving readership underground. After making its way to the United States, it was the subject of an obscenity trial in Massachusetts - where it prevailed - as recently as   Cretinism is an endocrine disease with a disruption of the thyroid function, delay in physical and mental development.

Insufficiency of function or absence of a thyroid gland can be congenital. Cretinism can also develop during the growth of a child due to a lack of iodine or thyroid hormone.

Symptoms of cretinism. Low growth. Thick, big tongue. Moreno-Reyes, in Comprehensive Handbook of Iodine, Myxedematous Cretinism. Myxedematous and neurological cretinism are the most severe consequences of iodine deficiency. Myxedematous cretinism was the most prevalent form of cretinism in the Uele region in Central Africa (Dumont et al., ).The absence of goiter in myxedematous cretins is caused by thyroid atrophy.

In he delivered a major paper, 'Sporadic Cretinism in America,' to a Washington Congress of Physicians and Surgeons in which he used stunning before-and-after lantern slides to show marvelous transformations' and 'undreamt-of transfigurations,' and in addition to citing all the medical.

GOITER fe. ENDEMIC CRETINISM* J. MOORE, M.D. SEATTLE NE travelling through a country disturbs the normal function of the others; where endemic goiter has long been making it difficult to determine which 0 prevalent, cannot fail to notice the large number of the inhabitants showing the stigmata of endocrine disturbance, dwarfs, cretins, myxedematous individuals, deaf mutes, etc.

Sporadic cretinism in Canada by McCrae, John. First published in 1 edition. Not in Library. An analysis of two hundred autopsies upon infants by Accessible book, Poetry, Agglutination, Agglutination tests, Scarlatina, World War, The book examines the mechanism of action of thyroid hormones, extrathyroidal distribution and metabolism of iodine, and biochemical pathways of thyroid hormone metabolism.

The text is a dependable reference for readers interested in the reactions, characteristics, and chemistry of. Endemic goiter and cretinism are still observed in some areas, such as regions of Bangladesh, Chad, China, Indonesia, Nepal, Peru, and Zaire. The term sporadic cretinism was initially used to describe the random occurrence of cretinism in nonendemic areas.

The cause of these abnormalities was identified as nonfunctioning or absent thyroid glands. An illustration of an open book. Books. An illustration of two cells of a film strip. Video. An illustration of an audio speaker. Audio. An illustration of a " floppy disk. Software An illustration of two photographs.

On sporadic cretinism in America Item Preview remove-circle. SPORADIC CRETINISM IN AMERICA [Osler, William] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. SPORADIC CRETINISM IN AMERICAAuthor: William Osler.

The etiology of congenital hypothyroidism is unknown in most cases although there is a greater incidence of thyroid disease in families of infants with sporadic cretinism (1).

The occurrence of thyroid dysgenesis in more than one member of a family has not helped to resolve the genetic factors involved.

Thyroid Hormones: Pregnancy and Fetal Development. Thyroid hormones are critical for development of the fetal and neonatal brain, as well as for many other aspects of pregnancy and fetal yroidism in either the mother or fetus frequently results in fetal disease; in humans, this includes a high incidence of mental retardation.

Although these cases, like those of panhypopituitarism, are usually sporadic, out of cases reported by Wilkins (), 1 sib pair was found.

Ainger and Kelley () reported 3 sibs, as did Sutherland et al. ().Females are affected about twice as often as males. The book is about the changes experienced in an East African nation-from a Commonwealth Country, through a war and onto independence.

Of course ther This is a book that will stick with me. Mr. Vassanji is one of my favourite authors/5(). Also called cretinism Congenital hypothyroidism (CH) is a clinical condition characterized by absence of thyroid hormone secondary to abnormal thyroid gland developmental or biosynthesis disorders (J Coll Physicians Surg Pak ;) This topic also contains links to its two causes, Aplasia / hypoplasia and Dyshormonogenetic goiter Congenital hypothyroidism is now treatable due to .